The most anticipated time of the year is here!
Yes, It’s December, the time to celebrate and indulge in treats and sweets, and loads of gifts. This is the holiday season, time to decorate and gather with loved ones.
The hustle and bustle of the Christmas Season make it a prime time for injuries and accidents to take place. Holiday decorations arrangements like Christmas trees and candles, and sparkling outdoor lights can frequently result in accidental injuries, loss of assets, or even death. Actually, many people get hurt among the amusement and fun of the holidays. This is a time when healthcare providers are also busy with injured patients. While reporting such holiday injuries, healthcare providers and medical billing and coding companies must be fully aware of the related medical codes and report the correct diagnoses codes on their medical claims.
National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) recent analysis of data about holiday-related emergency room (ER) visits shows that in the weeks surrounding Christmas injuries tend to rise. In December 2016 Reports from the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission suggest that there were 407 Christmas-related admissions to health centers and emergency departments.
The most common holiday activity-related injuries comprise– injuries occurring from falls due to ice/snow, fall from a ladder or Christmas tree, cooking and baking injuries, injuries caused by broken ornamental bulbs, injuries due to burns from lighting, or bruises from wrapping and unwrapping gifts.
ICD-10 Codes for Christmas Season Injuries
Now let’s take a look at the ICD-10 injury codes linked with holiday season-related injuries.
W00 Fall due to ice and snow
- W00.0 – Fall on the same level due to ice and snow
- W00.0XXA – Fall on the same level due to ice and snow, initial encounter
- W00.0XXD – Fall on the same level due to ice and snow, subsequent encounter
- W00.0XXS – Fall on the same level due to ice and snow, sequela
- W00.1 – Fall from stairs and steps due to ice and snow
- W00.1XXA – Fall from stairs and steps due to ice and snow, initial encounter
- W00.1XXD – Fall from stairs and steps due to ice and snow, subsequent encounter
- W00.1XXS – Fall from stairs and steps due to ice and snow, sequela
- W00.2 – Another fall from one level to another due to ice and snow
- W00.2XXA – Another fall from one level to another due to ice and snow, initial encounter
- W00.2XXD – Another fall from one level to another due to ice and snow, subsequent encounter
- W00.2XXS – Another fall from one level to another due to ice and snow, sequela
- W00.9 – Unspecified fall due to ice and snow
- W00.9XXA – Another fall from one level to another due to ice and snow, initial encounter
- W00.9XXD – Another fall from one level to another due to ice and snow, subsequent encounter
- W00.9XXS – Another fall from one level to another due to ice and snow, sequel
Fall from Ladder
Ladder safety is of paramount importance. It is estimated that about 50 percent of falls or injuries occur when someone actually falls off of the ladder or the roof while hanging lights. Set up your ladder properly and check it before using it. Make sure none of the rungs are broken and that it does not exceed the recommended weight limit. Related ICD-10 codes are –
- W11 – Fall on and from a ladder
- W11.XXXA – Fall on and from a ladder, initial encounter
- W11.XXXD – Fall on and from a ladder, subsequent encounter
- W11.XXXS – Fall on and from ladder, sequela
Fall from Tree
These ICD-10 codes are used to report falls that occur while decorating a Christmas tree. This usually happens while adorning the tree with Christmas lights, stars, or other ornaments on the higher branches. Avoid over-reaching higher branches and use a proper step ladder instead of using a chair or stool to do the job. Also, buy the right-sized Christmas tree, so that you can avoid similar fixation injuries.
- W14 – Fall from tree
- W14.XXXA – Fall from the tree, initial encounter
- W14.XXXD – Fall from the tree, subsequent encounter
- W14.XXXS – Fall from tree, sequela
Shopping Mall as a place of Injury
When people get crushed, pushed, or stepped on by Christmas shopping crowds, use these codes –
- Y92.5 – Trade and service area as the place of occurrence of the external cause
- Y92.51 – Private commercial establishments as the place of occurrence of the external cause
- Y92.52 – Service areas as the place of occurrence of the external cause
- Y92.53 – Ambulatory health services establishments as the place of occurrence of the external cause
- Y92.59 – Other trade areas as the place of occurrence of the external cause
Activity, Cooking, and Baking
Hot fat, edible oils, alcohol, sharp knives, and boiling water turn the kitchen into one of the most dangerous places during the holiday. Make sure to keep extra people out of the kitchen, especially children. Also, wipe any spills right away, so that no one slips and injures.
- Y93.G – Activities involving food preparation, cooking, and grilling
- Y93.G1 – Activity, food preparation and clean up
- Y93.G2 – Activity, grilling, and smoking food
- Y93.G3 – Activity, cooking, and baking
- Y93.G9 – Activity, other involving cooking, and grilling
Consuming all those tempting treats, fatty foods, creamy sauces, cookies, mulled wine, champagne, and cocktails in large measures may cause heartburn and acid indigestion.
- R12 – Heartburn
- R63 – Symptoms and signs concerning food and fluid intake
- R63.2 – Polyphagia
Burns from Lighting
Incandescent Christmas lights can get hot enough to burn or ignite other decorations. LED lights are the best to use as they require less energy and do not give off heat. Never hang Christmas lights on a metal tree. The tree can become charged with electricity and cause electric shock and fire. Use these ICD-10 codes for reporting burns from lighting –
- X08.8 – Exposure to other specified smoke, fire, and flames
- X08.8XXA – Exposure to other specified smoke, fire, and flames, initial encounter
- X08.8XXD – Exposure to other specified smoke, fire, and flames, subsequent encounter
- X08.8XXS – Exposure to other specified smoke, fire, and flames, the sequel
Activities involving arts and handcrafts
Injuries that occur while wrapping or unwrapping gifts – are the second most common types of holly, jolly mishaps that happen, particularly on Xmas day. Lacerations and puncture wounds occur when people use knives, scissors, and other sharp objects to wrap or open their presents. Related ICD-10 codes are –
- Y93.D – Activities involving arts and handcrafts
- Y93.D1 – Activity, knitting, and crocheting
- Y93.D2 – Activity, sewing
- Y93.D3 – Activity, furniture building, and finishing
- Y93.D9 – Activity, other involving arts, and handcrafts
- T33 – Superficial frostbite
- T33.0 – Superficial frostbite of head
- T33.1 – Superficial frostbite of neck
- T33.2 – Superficial frostbite of the thorax
- T33.3 – Superficial frostbite of abdominal wall, lower back, and pelvis
- T33.4 – Superficial frostbite of arm
- T33.5 – Superficial frostbite of wrist, hand, and fingers
- T33.6 – Superficial frostbite of hip and thigh
- T33.7 – Superficial frostbite of the knee and lower leg
- T33.8 – Superficial frostbite of ankle, foot, and toe(s)
- T33.9 – Superficial frostbite of other and unspecified sites
- Y93 – Activity codes
- Y93.2 – Activities involving ice and snow
- Y93.21 – Activity, ice skating
- Y93.22 – Activity, ice hockey
- Y93.23 – Activity, snow (alpine) (downhill) skiing, snowboarding, sledding, tobogganing, and snow tubing
- Y93.24 – Activity, cross country skiing
- Y93.29 – Activity, other involving ice, and snow
- T28.0XXA – Burn of mouth and pharynx, initial encounter
- T75.4 – Electrocution (This can especially happen with strings of lights with bare wiring exposed)
- T73.3xxA – Exhaustion due to excessive exertion, initial encounter
- T78.40 – Allergy (unspecified) allergic reaction and hypersensitivity
- Z62.891 – Sibling rivalry
- Z63.1 – Problems in relationship with in-laws
- Z72.820 – Sleep deprivation
- F43.8 – Emotional stress
- F10.929 – Alcohol use, unspecified with intoxication, unspecified
- R42 – Dizziness and giddiness
- X15.8 – Contact with other hot household appliances. (This code is applicable to contact with a cooker, kettle, or light bulbs)
Christmas is a festive season for enjoyment, but it can be quickly ruined by an injury. However, taking extra preventive measures can help people enjoy the Christmas holidays safely thereby avoiding injuries, property damage, or even death.
Knowing the highly specific ICD-10 codes related to documenting injuries is critical for providers. Partnering with a reliable and experienced medical billing outsourcing company is important for physicians to ensure accurate and timely claim submissions.
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